West Bengal is a land of culture and is a land of architectural marvels that leaves an indelible mark on everyone. Here is a list of a few important architectural marvels of the land:
1. Victoria Memorial
Built between 1906 and 1921, Victoria Memorial is one of the most awe-inspiring monuments of Kolkata. It was established to commemorate 25 years of the reign of Queen Victoria. The architectural style of this majestic structure resembles Indo-Saracenic revivalist style. The architect of the grand structure was Sir William Emerson who was also the then President of Royal Institute of British Architects. He was supported by his supervising architect Vincent Jerome Esch. Made from Makrana Quarries the height of this structure is about 200 feet and is divided into several divisions such as the library, garden, and other areas that house historical articles such as the cannon used in the battle of Plassey, rare books and manuscripts and so on.
2. Howrah Bridge
This iconic landmark of Kolkata connecting the cities of Howrah and Kolkata was constructed by the Braithwaite Burn and Jessop Construction Company Ltd. This massive Cantilever bridge was the third longest such bridge during the time of its construction. Howrah Bridge doesn’t have any nuts and bolts. It was actually established by riveting the entire structure. It took 26,500 tonnes of steel to complete the entire structure. This also constitutes about 23,000 tonnes of high-tensile alloy steel. Howrah Bridge was actually designed by Mr Walton from M/S Rendel, Palmer and Triton. The cost of the entire project was about 25 million INR.
3. Shaheed Minar
Mark Twain once famously identified this towering figure as the “Cloud kissing Monument.” Formerly known as Ochterlony Monument, Shaheed Minar was constructed in 1828 in the memory of the British Commander Sir David Ochterlony. Located in Esplanade, Shaheed Minar is a perfect blend of the Egyptian, Turkish and Syrian style of architecture and was designed by J.P Parker. It has a fluted column and the upper portion of the tower resembles Syrian architectural style with a dome that resembles the Turkish design. In 1969, this tower was dedicated to the martyrs who sacrificed their lives in the freedom struggle of India.
These architectural marvels are greatly praised for their style, elegance, and design. However, no one ever tries to look beyond and find out the person responsible for such striking beauty and grandeur. SRMB Konstrukt salutes the civil engineers and architects who gave us such iconic structures. Konstrukt 2.0 and initiative by SRMB salutes such architects by giving away awards for architects to acknowledge their excellence. For more details, visit konstrukt.co.in.